Basically, belly fat is divided into two, namely visceral fat and subcutaneous fat. Visceral fat is a fat that is not visible because it is not under the skin, but around the organs in the body. While subcutaneous fat is fat that is under the skin and can be seen, and can be pinched.
Often people are not aware that visceral fat can increase the risk of disease. Excess visceral fat can cause the body to become insensitive to insulin and increase blood pressure. Various diseases that are closely related to visceral fat include diabetes, stroke, heart attack, breast cancer, colorectal cancer and Alzheimer’s disease. Similar to visceral fat, subcutaneous fat can also increase the risk of certain diseases when it has accumulated too much in the body.
Causes of Stomach Fat
The following are some of the factors that cause abdominal fat to increase, including:
One of the things that is believed to be the cause of accumulating abdominal fat is the lack of balance between calories consumed and used. To overcome this, make sure the calories you consume are proportional to the calories you burn every day.
Unhealthy food menu
Lack of eating healthy food is one of the triggers of accumulating abdominal fat. In order not to accumulate abdominal fat, reduce consumption of foods and beverages that contain sugar and saturated fat. This unhealthy food contains many calories and if consumed in excess will cause fat to accumulate more easily. Start increasing consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains every day.
Consumption of alcoholic beverages
Too much consumption of alcoholic beverages can also cause accumulation of belly fat. Research reveals that consuming large amounts of alcoholic beverages can increase the risk of obesity, including accumulation of fat in the stomach.
When you are stressed, the body releases excess cortisol to help deal with stress. Excessive production of the hormone cortisol can cause weight gain, especially in the abdominal area.
An unhealthy lifestyle and rarely exercise also allows you to accumulate more fat in your stomach. Research shows that women who watch TV more than three hours per day are more at risk of obesity, compared to women who watch TV less than one hour per day. This shows that the lack of time used for physical activities such as exercise causes a person to be more at risk for developing abdominal fat.
According to research, sleep disorders such as sleep deprivation and sleep apnea can make you more at risk for having belly fat. Obese sufferers with sleep apnea are said to be more likely to have more abdominal fat.
Effect of age (menopause)
The age factor also affects fat deposits in the stomach. As we get older, muscle mass will decrease, this makes the body less burnt calories. In addition, when you enter menopause, the hormone estrogen in women will also decrease. This decrease in hormones makes the distribution of fat in the body more likely to occur in the stomach.
In addition to the above, genetic factors also affect your belly fat. Some people have body shapes like the ‘apple’, where the upper body is bigger and wider than the lower part of the body. This condition usually depends on the genes inherited by the family.
Abdominal fat or any part of the body is certainly not good if it’s too much. Fat can damage appearance and even more dangerous, fat causes various diseases that can endanger lives. Take care of your health by avoiding the various causes of abdominal fat above, and diligently exercise at least 30 minutes per day.
If you have done various ways, but belly fat is still difficult to reduce, you can consult a doctor to get further treatment steps.